Everything You Always Wanted To Know About Swaps* (*But Were Afraid To Ask)
Hello, dummies It's your old pal, Fuzzy. As I'm sure you've all noticed, a lot of the stuff that gets posted here is - to put it delicately - fucking ridiculous. More backwards-ass shit gets posted to wallstreetbets than you'd see on a Westboro Baptist community message board. I mean, I had a look at the daily thread yesterday and..... yeesh. I know, I know. We all make like the divine Laura Dern circa 1992 on the daily and stick our hands deep into this steaming heap of shit to find the nuggets of valuable and/or hilarious information within (thanks for reading, BTW). I agree. I love it just the way it is too. That's what makes WSB great. What I'm getting at is that a lot of the stuff that gets posted here - notwithstanding it being funny or interesting - is just... wrong. Like, fucking your cousin wrong. And to be clear, I mean the fucking your *first* cousin kinda wrong, before my Southerners in the back get all het up (simmer down, Billy Ray - I know Mabel's twice removed on your grand-sister's side). Truly, I try to let it slide. Idomybit to try and put you on the right path. Most of the time, I sleep easy no matter how badly I've seen someone explain what a bank liquidity crisis is. But out of all of those tens of thousands of misguided, autistic attempts at understanding the world of high finance, one thing gets so consistently - so *emphatically* - fucked up and misunderstood by you retards that last night I felt obligated at the end of a long work day to pull together this edition of Finance with Fuzzy just for you. It's so serious I'm not even going to make a u/pokimane gag. Have you guessed what it is yet? Here's a clue. It's in the title of the post. That's right, friends. Today in the neighborhood we're going to talk all about hedging in financial markets - spots, swaps, collars, forwards, CDS, synthetic CDOs, all that fun shit. Don't worry; I'm going to explain what all the scary words mean and how they impact your OTM RH positions along the way. We're going to break it down like this. (1) "What's a hedge, Fuzzy?" (2) Common Hedging Strategies and (3) All About ISDAs and Credit Default Swaps. Before we begin. For the nerds and JV traders in the back (and anyone else who needs to hear this up front) - I am simplifying these descriptions for the purposes of this post. I am also obviously not going to try and cover every exotic form of hedge under the sun or give a detailed summation of what caused the financial crisis. If you are interested in something specific ask a question, but don't try and impress me with your Investopedia skills or technical points I didn't cover; I will just be forced to flex my years of IRL experience on you in the comments and you'll look like a big dummy. TL;DR? Fuck you. There is no TL;DR. You've come this far already. What's a few more paragraphs? Put down the Cheetos and try to concentrate for the next 5-7 minutes. You'll learn something, and I promise I'll be gentle. Ready? Let's get started. 1.The Tao of Risk: Hedging as a Way of Life The simplest way to characterize what a hedge 'is' is to imagine every action having a binary outcome. One is bad, one is good. Red lines, green lines; uppie, downie. With me so far? Good. A 'hedge' is simply the employment of a strategy to mitigate the effect of your action having the wrong binary outcome. You wanted X, but you got Z! Frowny face. A hedge strategy introduces a third outcome. If you hedged against the possibility of Z happening, then you can wind up with Y instead. Not as good as X, but not as bad as Z. The technical definition I like to give my idiot juniors is as follows: Utilization of a defensive strategy to mitigate risk, at a fraction of the cost to capital of the risk itself. Congratulations. You just finished Hedging 101. "But Fuzzy, that's easy! I just sold a naked call against my 95% OTM put! I'm adequately hedged!". Spoiler alert: you're not (although good work on executing a collar, which I describe below). What I'm talking about here is what would be referred to as a 'perfect hedge'; a binary outcome where downside is totally mitigated by a risk management strategy. That's not how it works IRL. Pay attention; this is the tricky part. You can't take a single position and conclude that you're adequately hedged because risks are fluid, not static. So you need to constantly adjust your position in order to maximize the value of the hedge and insure your position. You also need to consider exposure to more than one category of risk. There are micro (specific exposure) risks, and macro (trend exposure) risks, and both need to factor into the hedge calculus. That's why, in the real world, the value of hedging depends entirely on the design of the hedging strategy itself. Here, when we say "value" of the hedge, we're not talking about cash money - we're talking about the intrinsic value of the hedge relative to the the risk profile of your underlying exposure. To achieve this, people hedge dynamically. In wallstreetbets terms, this means that as the value of your position changes, you need to change your hedges too. The idea is to efficiently and continuously distribute and rebalance risk across different states and periods, taking value from states in which the marginal cost of the hedge is low and putting it back into states where marginal cost of the hedge is high, until the shadow value of your underlying exposure is equalized across your positions. The punchline, I guess, is that one static position is a hedge in the same way that the finger paintings you make for your wife's boyfriend are art - it's technically correct, but you're only playing yourself by believing it. Anyway. Obviously doing this as a small potatoes trader is hard but it's worth taking into account. Enough basic shit. So how does this work in markets? 2. A Hedging Taxonomy The best place to start here is a practical question. What does a business need to hedge against? Think about the specific risk that an individual business faces. These are legion, so I'm just going to list a few of the key ones that apply to most corporates. (1) You have commodity risk for the shit you buy or the shit you use. (2) You have currency risk for the money you borrow. (3) You have rate risk on the debt you carry. (4) You have offtake risk for the shit you sell. Complicated, right? To help address the many and varied ways that shit can go wrong in a sophisticated market, smart operators like yours truly have devised a whole bundle of different instruments which can help you manage the risk. I might write about some of the more complicated ones in a later post if people are interested (CDO/CLOs, strip/stack hedges and bond swaps with option toggles come to mind) but let's stick to the basics for now. (i) Swaps A swap is one of the most common forms of hedge instrument, and they're used by pretty much everyone that can afford them. The language is complicated but the concept isn't, so pay attention and you'll be fine. This is the most important part of this section so it'll be the longest one. Swaps are derivative contracts with two counterparties (before you ask, you can't trade 'em on an exchange - they're OTC instruments only). They're used to exchange one cash flow for another cash flow of equal expected value; doing this allows you to take speculative positions on certain financial prices or to alter the cash flows of existing assets or liabilities within a business. "Wait, Fuzz; slow down! What do you mean sets of cash flows?". Fear not, little autist. Ol' Fuzz has you covered. The cash flows I'm talking about are referred to in swap-land as 'legs'. One leg is fixed - a set payment that's the same every time it gets paid - and the other is variable - it fluctuates (typically indexed off the price of the underlying risk that you are speculating on / protecting against). You set it up at the start so that they're notionally equal and the two legs net off; so at open, the swap is a zero NPV instrument. Here's where the fun starts. If the price that you based the variable leg of the swap on changes, the value of the swap will shift; the party on the wrong side of the move ponies up via the variable payment. It's a zero sum game. I'll give you an example using the most vanilla swap around; an interest rate trade. Here's how it works. You borrow money from a bank, and they charge you a rate of interest. You lock the rate up front, because you're smart like that. But then - quelle surprise! - the rate gets better after you borrow. Now you're bagholding to the tune of, I don't know, 5 bps. Doesn't sound like much but on a billion dollar loan that's a lot of money (a classic example of the kind of 'small, deep hole' that's terrible for profits). Now, if you had a swap contract on the rate before you entered the trade, you're set; if the rate goes down, you get a payment under the swap. If it goes up, whatever payment you're making to the bank is netted off by the fact that you're borrowing at a sub-market rate. Win-win! Or, at least, Lose Less / Lose Less. That's the name of the game in hedging. There are many different kinds of swaps, some of which are pretty exotic; but they're all different variations on the same theme. If your business has exposure to something which fluctuates in price, you trade swaps to hedge against the fluctuation. The valuation of swaps is also super interesting but I guarantee you that 99% of you won't understand it so I'm not going to try and explain it here although I encourage you to google it if you're interested. Because they're OTC, none of them are filed publicly. Someeeeeetimes you see an ISDA (dsicussed below) but the confirms themselves (the individual swaps) are not filed. You can usually read about the hedging strategy in a 10-K, though. For what it's worth, most modern credit agreements ban speculative hedging. Top tip: This is occasionally something worth checking in credit agreements when you invest in businesses that are debt issuers - being able to do this increases the risk profile significantly and is particularly important in times of economic volatility (ctrl+f "non-speculative" in the credit agreement to be sure). (ii) Forwards A forward is a contract made today for the future delivery of an asset at a pre-agreed price. That's it. "But Fuzzy! That sounds just like a futures contract!". I know. Confusing, right? Just like a futures trade, forwards are generally used in commodity or forex land to protect against price fluctuations. The differences between forwards and futures are small but significant. I'm not going to go into super boring detail because I don't think many of you are commodities traders but it is still an important thing to understand even if you're just an RH jockey, so stick with me. Just like swaps, forwards are OTC contracts - they're not publicly traded. This is distinct from futures, which are traded on exchanges (see The Ballad Of Big Dick Vick for some more color on this). In a forward, no money changes hands until the maturity date of the contract when delivery and receipt are carried out; price and quantity are locked in from day 1. As you now know having read about BDV, futures are marked to market daily, and normally people close them out with synthetic settlement using an inverse position. They're also liquid, and that makes them easier to unwind or close out in case shit goes sideways. People use forwards when they absolutely have to get rid of the thing they made (or take delivery of the thing they need). If you're a miner, or a farmer, you use this shit to make sure that at the end of the production cycle, you can get rid of the shit you made (and you won't get fucked by someone taking cash settlement over delivery). If you're a buyer, you use them to guarantee that you'll get whatever the shit is that you'll need at a price agreed in advance. Because they're OTC, you can also exactly tailor them to the requirements of your particular circumstances. These contracts are incredibly byzantine (and there are even crazier synthetic forwards you can see in money markets for the true degenerate fund managers). In my experience, only Texan oilfield magnates, commodities traders, and the weirdo forex crowd fuck with them. I (i) do not own a 10 gallon hat or a novelty size belt buckle (ii) do not wake up in the middle of the night freaking out about the price of pork fat and (iii) love greenbacks too much to care about other countries' monopoly money, so I don't fuck with them. (iii) Collars No, not the kind your wife is encouraging you to wear try out to 'spice things up' in the bedroom during quarantine. Collars are actually the hedging strategy most applicable to WSB. Collars deal with options! Hooray! To execute a basic collar (also called a wrapper by tea-drinking Brits and people from the Antipodes), you buy an out of the money put while simultaneously writing a covered call on the same equity. The put protects your position against price drops and writing the call produces income that offsets the put premium. Doing this limits your tendies (you can only profit up to the strike price of the call) but also writes down your risk. If you screen large volume trades with a VOL/OI of more than 3 or 4x (and they're not bullshit biotech stocks), you can sometimes see these being constructed in real time as hedge funds protect themselves on their shorts. (3) All About ISDAs, CDS and Synthetic CDOs You may have heard about the mythical ISDA. Much like an indenture (discussed in my post on $F), it's a magic legal machine that lets you build swaps via trade confirms with a willing counterparty. They are very complicated legal documents and you need to be a true expert to fuck with them. Fortunately, I am, so I do. They're made of two parts; a Master (which is a form agreement that's always the same) and a Schedule (which amends the Master to include your specific terms). They are also the engine behind just about every major credit crunch of the last 10+ years. First - a brief explainer. An ISDA is a not in and of itself a hedge - it's an umbrella contract that governs the terms of your swaps, which you use to construct your hedge position. You can trade commodities, forex, rates, whatever, all under the same ISDA. Let me explain. Remember when we talked about swaps? Right. So. You can trade swaps on just about anything. In the late 90s and early 2000s, people had the smart idea of using other people's debt and or credit ratings as the variable leg of swap documentation. These are called credit default swaps. I was actually starting out at a bank during this time and, I gotta tell you, the only thing I can compare people's enthusiasm for this shit to was that moment in your early teens when you discover jerking off. Except, unlike your bathroom bound shame sessions to Mom's Sears catalogue, every single person you know felt that way too; and they're all doing it at once. It was a fiscal circlejerk of epic proportions, and the financial crisis was the inevitable bukkake finish. WSB autism is absolutely no comparison for the enthusiasm people had during this time for lighting each other's money on fire. Here's how it works. You pick a company. Any company. Maybe even your own! And then you write a swap. In the swap, you define "Credit Event" with respect to that company's debt as the variable leg . And you write in... whatever you want. A ratings downgrade, default under the docs, failure to meet a leverage ratio or FCCR for a certain testing period... whatever. Now, this started out as a hedge position, just like we discussed above. The purest of intentions, of course. But then people realized - if bad shit happens, you make money. And banks... don't like calling in loans or forcing bankruptcies. Can you smell what the moral hazard is cooking? Enter synthetic CDOs. CDOs are basically pools of asset backed securities that invest in debt (loans or bonds). They've been around for a minute but they got famous in the 2000s because a shitload of them containing subprime mortgage debt went belly up in 2008. This got a lot of publicity because a lot of sad looking rednecks got foreclosed on and were interviewed on CNBC. "OH!", the people cried. "Look at those big bad bankers buying up subprime loans! They caused this!". Wrong answer, America. The debt wasn't the problem. What a lot of people don't realize is that the real meat of the problem was not in regular way CDOs investing in bundles of shit mortgage debts in synthetic CDOs investing in CDS predicated on that debt. They're synthetic because they don't have a stake in the actual underlying debt; just the instruments riding on the coattails. The reason these are so popular (and remain so) is that smart structured attorneys and bankers like your faithful correspondent realized that an even more profitable and efficient way of building high yield products with limited downside was investing in instruments that profit from failure of debt and in instruments that rely on that debt and then hedging that exposure with other CDS instruments in paired trades, and on and on up the chain. The problem with doing this was that everyone wound up exposed to everybody else's books as a result, and when one went tits up, everybody did. Hence, recession, Basel III, etc. Thanks, Obama. Heavy investment in CDS can also have a warping effect on the price of debt (something else that happened during the pre-financial crisis years and is starting to happen again now). This happens in three different ways. (1) Investors who previously were long on the debt hedge their position by selling CDS protection on the underlying, putting downward pressure on the debt price. (2) Investors who previously shorted the debt switch to buying CDS protection because the relatively illiquid debt (partic. when its a bond) trades at a discount below par compared to the CDS. The resulting reduction in short selling puts upward pressure on the bond price. (3) The delta in price and actual value of the debt tempts some investors to become NBTs (neg basis traders) who long the debt and purchase CDS protection. If traders can't take leverage, nothing happens to the price of the debt. If basis traders can take leverage (which is nearly always the case because they're holding a hedged position), they can push up or depress the debt price, goosing swap premiums etc. Anyway. Enough technical details. I could keep going. This is a fascinating topic that is very poorly understood and explained, mainly because the people that caused it all still work on the street and use the same tactics today (it's also terribly taught at business schools because none of the teachers were actually around to see how this played out live). But it relates to the topic of today's lesson, so I thought I'd include it here. Work depending, I'll be back next week with a covenant breakdown. Most upvoted ticker gets the post. *EDIT 1\* In a total blowout, $PLAY won. So it's D&B time next week. Post will drop Monday at market open.
I'm not sure how many of you use MACD or EMA's, but I've been working on this kind of "MACD & moving average crossover periods for dummies" kind of thing for the last 90 days. I've wanted to make a simple guide with pre-calculated closing periods that anyone could punch in on a chart, pick colors, and voila! You now have charts with TI's that are logical, have accurate/tight tracking periods, and as long as you can understand crossover, you should be able to make better decisions no matter the trade. Any feedback is welcomed. Figured I'd share the findings. All the closing periods I've listed have a wide range of variety to suit all trading purposes for most products. I hope someone finds the info helpful. Moving Averages (EMA Settings) STOCKS & OPTIONS Simple ShortTerm - 8-13 Simple 3EMA ShortTerm - 5-8-13 Simple 3EMA Short/Mid - 5-10-20 Midterm 3EMA Standard (w/m/q) 3 EMA 5-20-60 Long Term 3EMA Standard (m/q/y) 3 EMA 20-60-240 ____________________________________________________________________________ FUTURES & FOREX Simple ShortTerm - 6-18 Simple 3EMA ShortTerm - 6-9-18 Simple 3EMA Short/Mid - 6-12-24 Midterm 3EMA (w/m/q) 3 EMA - 6-24-72 Longterm 3EMA (m/q/y) 3 EMA - 24-72-288 ____________________________________________________________________________ PRIME - ALL PURPOSE Simple Short - 5-17 Simple Short 3EMA - 5-11-17 Simple Mid (w/m/q) - 5-19-61 Simple Long (m/q/y) - 19-61-241 Complex Long (m/q/y) - 23-67-251 ______________________________________________________________________________ Calculations were based upon the standard 252.75 trading days in a year. To simplify and use whole numbers, in some cases holidays were excluded. For example (stock & options) were partially calculated at 5 trading days a week (Mon-Fri), 20 per month, 60 per quarter, 240 per year, and so on. (Futures & Forex) took into account the 6 available trading days a week (Sun-Fri) and were calculated similarly. PRIME - were calculated in prime numbers only, in some cases rounded down to the nearest prime number most accurately representative of a typical trading week not including holidays in (simple) and including all holidays in (complex). Why did I do this? Because I love math, and primes are the building blocks of whole numbers, and because their odd mathematical properties that made them perfect for my current charting uses.
Hi, I'm new to Forex and have been practicing on my dummy account for a while on MT5, but want to start trading real money. Hoping someone can point me to a reputable broker to get started with. I live in Ontario Canada if that matters. I know there's apparently a lot of shady brokers out there so I'm hoping to find a proper one. Any other advice is also welcome.
I have a family member who recently got into this Bitcoin / forex "investment" scheme that I'm pretty sure is a scam. He uses this generic photo stock image, and has a bunch of what I'm pretty sure are dummy accounts like jasper_ophelia1 and Santos_Pablos1 to name two posting those generic scam things like "every other person that said they could do this similar thing is a scam.... But, thanks to this magic forex trader I made $50,000 in 3 months it's real!...etc." all over other random Instagram photos filled with a plethora of other people _fx that have given a 500% return etc. I personally know it's a scam, however I can't prove it since the person has so little actual information. I was just wondering if anybody knew any information about this scam, or specifically the person in question doing this scam. Edit: after a dip down the rabbit hole I've come to find sites related to this all even more scammy than the last. The First One has a domin owned by a guy in Texas that lives on a road that doesn't exist with a phone number one number too short. After baiting him, he sent This One That you can only deposit money by sending a support ticket to This One and they're "owned" by this site they seem to thing cryptorealprofit is a legit site, and can't understand how it couldn't be. This is difficult. But hopefully finding this guy can help someone I'm the future not be scammed by this same scumbag.
Forex Trading: a Beginner's Guide The forex market is the world's largest international currency trading market operating non-stop during the working week. Most forex trading is done by professionals such as bankers. Generally forex trading is done through a forex broker - but there is nothing to stop anyone trading currencies. Forex currency trading allows buyers and sellers to buy the currency they need for their business and sellers who have earned currency to exchange what they have for a more convenient currency. The world's largest banks dominate forex and according to a survey in The Wall Street Journal Europe, the ten most active traders who are engaged in forex trading account for almost 73% of trading volume. However, a sizeable proportion of the remainder of forex trading is speculative with traders building up an investment which they wish to liquidate at some stage for profit. While a currency may increase or decrease in value relative to a wide range of currencies, all forex trading transactions are based upon currency pairs. So, although the Euro may be 'strong' against a basket of currencies, traders will be trading in just one currency pair and may simply concern themselves with the Euro/US Dollar ( EUUSD) ratio. Changes in relative values of currencies may be gradual or triggered by specific events such as are unfolding at the time of writing this - the toxic debt crisis. Because the markets for currencies are global, the volumes traded every day are vast. For the large corporate investors, the great benefits of trading on Forex are:
Enormous liquidity - over $4 trillion per day, that's $4,000,000,000. This means that there's always someone ready to trade with you
Every one of the world's free currencies are traded - this means that you may trade the currency you want at any time
Twenty four - hour trading during the 5-day working week
Operations are global which mean that you can trade with any part of the world at any time
From the point of view of the smaller trader there's lots of benefits too, such as:
A rapidly-changing market - that's one which is always changing and offering the chance to make money
Very well developed mechanisms for controlling risk
Ability to go long or short - this means that you can make money either in rising or falling markets
Leverage trading - meaning that you can benefit from large-volume trading while having a relatively-low capital base
Lots of options for zero-commission trading
How the forex Market Works As forex is all about foreign exchange, all transactions are made up from a currency pair - say, for instance, the Euro and the US Dollar. The basic tool for trading forex is the exchange rate which is expressed as a ratio between the values of the two currencies such as EUUSD = 1.4086. This value, which is referred to as the 'forex rate' means that, at that particular time, one Euro would be worth 1.4086 US Dollars. This ratio is always expressed to 4 decimal places which means that you could see a forex rate of EUUSD = 1.4086 or EUUSD = 1.4087 but never EUUSD = 1.40865. The rightmost digit of this ratio is referred to as a 'pip'. So, a change from EUUSD = 1.4086 to EUUSD = 1.4088 would be referred to as a change of 2 pips. One pip, therefore is the smallest unit of trade. With the forex rate at EUUSD = 1.4086, an investor purchasing 1000 Euros using dollars would pay $1,408.60. If the forex rate then changed to EUUSD = 1.5020, the investor could sell their 1000 Euros for $1,502.00 and bank the $93.40 as profit. If this doesn't seem to be large amount to you, you have to put the sum into context. With a rising or falling market, the forex rate does not simply change in a uniform way but oscillates and profits can be taken many times per day as a rate oscillates around a trend. When you're expecting the value EUUSD to fall, you might trade the other way by selling Euros for dollars and buying then back when the forex rate has changed to your advantage. Is forex Risky? When you trade on forex as in any form of currency trading, you're in the business of currency speculation and it is just that - speculation. This means that there is some risk involved in forex currency trading as in any business but you might and should, take steps to minimise this. You can always set a limit to the downside of any trade, that means to define the maximum loss that you are prepared to accept if the market goes against you - and it will on occasions. The best insurance against losing your shirt on the forex market is to set out to understand what you're doing totally. Search the internet for a good forex trading tutorial and study it in detail- a bit of good forex education can go a long way!. When there's bits you don't understand, look for a good forex trading forum and ask lots and lots of questions. Many of the people who habitually answer your queries on this will have a good forex trading blog and this will probably not only give you answers to your questions but also provide lots of links to good sites. Be vigilant, however, watch out for forex trading scams. Don't be too quick to part with your money and investigate anything very well before you shell out any hard-earned! The forex Trading Systems While you may be right in being cautious about any forex trading system that's advertised, there are some good ones around. Most of them either utilise forex charts and by means of these, identify forex trading signals which tell the trader when to buy or sell. These signals will be made up of a particular change in a forex rate or a trend and these will have been devised by a forex trader who has studied long-term trends in the market so as to identify valid signals when they occur. Many of the systems will use forex trading software which identifies such signals from data inputs which are gathered automatically from market information sources. Some utilise automated forex trading software which can trigger trades automatically when the signals tell it to do so. If these sound too good to be true to you, look around for online forex trading systems which will allow you undertake some dummy trading to test them out. by doing this you can get some forex trading training by giving them a spin before you put real money on the table. How Much do you Need to Start off with? This is a bit of a 'How long is a piece of string?' question but there are ways for to be beginner to dip a toe into the water without needing a fortune to start with. The minimum trading size for most trades on forex is usually 100,000 units of any currency and this volume is referred to as a standard "lot". However, there are many firms which offer the facility to purchase in dramatically-smaller lots than this and a bit of internet searching will soon locate these. There's many adverts quoting only a couple of hundred dollars to get going! You will often see the term acciones trading forex and this is just a general term which covers the small guy trading forex. Small-scale trading facilities such as these are often called as forex mini trading. Where do You Start? The single most obvious answer is of course - on the internet! Online forex trading gives you direct access to the forex market and there's lots and lots of companies out there who are in business just to deal with you online. Be vigilant, do spend the time to get some good forex trading education, again this can be provided online and set up your dummy account to trade before you attempt to go live. If you take care and take your time, there's no reason why you shouldn't be successful in forex trading so, have patience and stick at it!
Foreign Exchange Trading Course: A Needs To for Foreign Exchange Beginners
Foreign Exchange Trading Course: A Needs To for Foreign Exchange Beginners On the planet's largest monetary market where exchanges rise to trillions of dollars every day, many individuals would truly intend to participate in this market. In addition to being the biggest financial market in the world, Forex blogs is likewise the most liquid market worldwide where professions are done 24 hours a day. A lot of investors have actually become really rich trading in the Forex market. As well as, lots of people who trade in the Foreign exchange market everyday have actually located an excellent means to change their day jobs. Some even came to be millionaires practically overnight by just selling this monetary market. Trading in the Foreign exchange market can be extremely eye-catching. Nevertheless, you must likewise recognize that there have actually been people who endured severe economic losses in the Forex market. It holds true that the Forex market supplies an excellent economic opportunity to a lot of individuals, however it additionally has its dangers. It is a reality that individuals that really did not have the ideal understanding and abilities trading in the Forex market suffered substantial financial losses and also some also went into financial obligation. So, prior to you enter the Foreign exchange market, it is important that you need to have the necessary knowledge as well as abilities as a Foreign exchange trader in order to decrease the danger of losing money and make the most of the capacity of generating income. Many people who were successful in the Foreign exchange market have went through a Foreign exchange trading training course to obtain the expertise and skills required to effectively sell this very fluid and huge monetary market. In a Forex trading course, you will learn about when it is the right time to acquire or sell, chart the movements, place market trends and likewise understand how to utilize the different trading systems readily available in the Foreign exchange market. https://preview.redd.it/vayvygfjrcr41.jpg?width=1920&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=0ab6e21fa99273f65928b3de5a90228c57ccbbaf You will also be acquainted with the terms utilized in the Foreign exchange market. Even the basic understanding concerning trading in the Forex articles blog can be a terrific help with your lucrative endeavor worldwide's biggest market. There are different Forex trading training courses offered, all you need to do is choose one that suits your requirements as a trader. There are refresher courses where all the basic features of Foreign exchange will be shown to you in a short period of time, full time on the internet programs, where you will discover all about Forex through the web and there are also full time the real world classroom programs where you can discover the ropes regarding Forex in a genuine class with a real-time teacher. You can also become an apprentice. However, in order to find out a great deal about Foreign exchange as an apprentice, you need to ensure that you have an experienced Foreign exchange trader who can share a lot of points to you about the Foreign exchange market. Right here are a few of the basic things you must seek in a Foreign exchange trading course in order for you to get the enough expertise regarding Forex trading: - Margins. - Leveraging. - Kinds of orders. - Major currencies. An excellent Foreign exchange trading program will certainly additionally explain a whole lot about the essential as well as technological analysis of charts. As an investor, knowing exactly how to evaluate a graph is an essential skill that you ought to have. So, when you are seeking a Foreign exchange trading program, you should seek a course that provides essential and technical evaluation instruction. Tension plays an essential part in Forex traders. Understanding exactly how to handle anxiety is also a skill that you need to create. An excellent Forex trading program must instruct you just how to deal with anxiety and trade properly and also successfully. As high as possible, you must search for a Foreign exchange trading training course that use actual trading systems where pupils can trade genuine cash on the Forex market or at least trade on dummy accounts in a substitute Foreign exchange market. This hands-on experience will substantially benefit you. Besides, the best method to learn more about anything is by in fact experiencing it. Live trading and simulations must be supplied in a Forex trading training course. So, if you plan on getting associated with the Foreign exchange market, take into consideration discovering all these things in a Foreign exchange trading course. Creating the best expertise and skills in trading in the world's largest and most liquid market in the world will most definitely help you make it to the leading as well as attain your dreams as a Forex investor.
Please take a look at how I calculated my SL and TP, is this correct?
Hello guys! I started learning forex not too long ago, and I have also recently opened a demo account. Placed my first trade with no real consideration of profit or loss, managed to make a profit. However, I wanted to understand what I am doing in totality. Long story short, after hours of jumping from article to article scrapping together information and revisiting courses, I have finally "theoretically" understood how to calculate risk. Despite all this, however, my TP and SL lines are not visible for some reason. I don't know what the cause might be, but hopefully you guys can help me out, first of all, by helping me understand if I did calculate everything right or perhaps made a mistake: My demo account had around 50k usd, but I wanted to base my trade on a 1000$ account, so: 1000/100= 10$ We can risk to lose 10 dollars at most using a volume(lot size) of 0.01(meaning that each pip are 0.10cents) we conclude that ===> 10$/0.10cents = 100 pips. We can set our stoploss at the entry price -100 . We are trading EUUSD, and enter with a buy order: the EURO had the price of 1.1002(I think we calculate our entry price with the BASE currency which is the euro, this is really important as I remember that we consider our entry price based on the base currency, not the quoted one-- right?) 1.1002-100 = 1.0902 ==>stop loss As for our take profit, I decided a 130 pip increase(for no reason as I am focusing on the calculation, not the strategy) 1.1002+130 = 1.1132 ==>Take profit I entered with a buy order, but apparently I can not even see my TP and SL. UPDATE Update!!: I literally figured out why I could not see my SL and TP!!:) I think it was because the EURO has not yet even reached the buy price(the blue chart represents the value it currently is, clearly lower than the entry). But now it leads me to question, how did this happen? Did the market spike as I placed the command, or did I not calculate something right? Did I leave something out? If someone could help me out, I would really appreciate it, thank you! https://preview.redd.it/jiw68zijsno31.png?width=1920&format=png&auto=webp&s=573178d28f2ca5c7f4871c0d2d140d3b4fa89d88 seriously, how did that happen? I entered with a buy command at 1.1002 and it literally had no time to be placed. This really seems like something that can really rarely happen, unless I am truly a dummy and something has been messed up. UPDATE: I have almost managed to fully understand every aspect of profit, loss, and pips. I'll perhaps follow up with a post for others once I fully comprehend it, perhaps they can use it and get over all the frustration of a beginner.
Just starting to look into forex (I have quite a lot of free time at work, trying to put it to good use). Im doing the pip school thing, listening to some podcasts and watching youtube vids, planning to open a dummy trading account once ive finished school and feel like i have a basic understanding of what is going on. Why do most people fail in this market? Is it emotional? informational? is the game itself rigged? Keen to hear opinions
Hey all, First time poster, long time lurker. Just learning until I think of useful/interesting post. I just finished Babypips school. No this isn’t another, “What do I do next?!” eager to consume posts. More just introducing myself and share methods as I progress and chat more in this sub. It’s been a super helpful research tool with just the sidebar alone, but the interactions are also generally positive and research engaged. Forex was on my list of active/sidehobby/internet ideas to try. (Along with selling on Ebay and learning/teaching languages) I’ve always been into stocks/finance and I’m open still open to continuing learning past forex into futures and/or cryptocurrency. Forex to me is kind of an intro to price action and charts for me. Also the physics of it all that I’m hoping to apply more as time goes on. Anyways , started forex 2 years ago. Saw I needed disposable income you could lose (which I didnt have at the time) and put it off. Now I’m about 3 months in with my rediscovery of it with a lot more financial cushion/discipline.I finished the babypips school and try to practice 25-45 mins a day of something forex related the last 90 days or so. Here is my routine and some things I”ve learned since starting. Demo Trading is overrated. And then it becomes the best thing ever. I’m gunna just go out and say it. IF you’re trading for 9 months on demo you should’ve stopped 8 months ago. I mean don’t get me wrong 9 months, that shows alot of persistence in your habits, but you’re spending time on a variable that doesn’t exchange certainty in the real system. I only even say this because you could be like me. Trade demo all this time then find out the leverage you wanted isn’t even available in your country. (U.S here) So I felt like a dummy from the jump, but that’s part of the learning curve you should be doing sooner rather than later. This does not mean fund your account fully. No, put just $200. I trade with my initial capitol @ $200 and I won’t add a penny more until I’ve developed a profitable system with what’s already in there. A good investment is a good investment and throwing more money doesn’t actually add value to the growth return on your investment.(In most cases) So what’s the big deal with Demo? Well for one you want to work with a system that’s tangible in your country. U.S is capped at 1:50 leverage. I don’t know other countries regulations but it’s something I wish someone told me to look out for before I started testing financial strategies. Another thing is the spreads are often very different from what you find in demo (attention scalpers out there) sometimes dramatically. (After NY close of the day /Weekends ) You have to implement all of these factors to your strategy. Now what is demo good for? Starting out! Learning how to set indicators, trades, stop losses and so on. I’d say 60 days max if you can’t donate much time. Even less than 60 days if you have more free time but then after that it’s time to get your feet wet. One other good thing about demo accounts is that it allows you to practice fundamentally different trading ideas out before trying them out on your actual account. An example would be a scalper trying a new position strategy he learned in demo to set some long term positions next year. I enjoy trading because it’s a discipline on your anxiety. When you deposit your first amount, any amount that's more than a new video game or dvd collection, your brain is going to fire off “Hey you bought something new that can make money let’s test it out! It could be making you money” You have to calm this voice first. IF you even can. This voice makes you check the charts 3x more than you did in demo and caused at least me to trade just so the money’s not going to waste. I lost 40% of my account the first week. I would’ve called myself mentally stable before this too. But that voice broke me and you have to confront it because it’s the impatience in all of us and causes you to force your view of the markets to fit your system. Demo is a great tool but shouldnt be held on longer than it’s purpose. Immersion This is going to be a little shorter than my last topic because this is more something everyone has to find and listen to. Don’t just study the same website or forum for forex everyday. Try to get a wide view of the financial markets as a whole and various media input. Subscribe to a couple good youtube channels maybe a visual representation of what you’ve been learning could help solidify it. Maybe a podcasts personality makes your brain react differently to topics where a bland textbook reading didnt excite you the same. Watch a documentary on trading one week and hell maybe even Wolf of Wall Street another week, whatever it is that gets your whole body involved in the feeling of trading so 1) you don’t get burned out on the topic and 2) you find more ways to connect with the information you find. Whether emotional or visually. Here are two recommendations of channels that help me break the norm of my study routine: “Two Blokes Trading” Podcast I discovered these guys a while back in a comment thread. I would recommend this podcast to beginners because you can start from the very beginning of their series and learn with them. They’re young, enthusiastic and open to exploring alot of areas to trading and different philosophies. So sometimes you can find gems in subjects you didn’t expect to encounter. They also bring in advisors and brokerage managers to feature on their subjects. And it’s not all forex focused. Check them out: http://twoblokestrading.com/podcast-episodes/ Barry Burns “Top Dog Trading” Barry Burns I like because you have him walking you through the charts on youtube. One of the few videos I watched on Price action were by him where the lightbulb went off. He offers a great free resource and sometimes I even feel guilty getting it on youtube for free before sharing it because it feels like the things he touches on and how he explains them, even paid classes probably couldn’t get right. He has so many videos on different markets and how to read them just apply them to the type of trader you are. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCcjyImdSWDTCGCa7G24faIQ Routine ( final topic on this post) So every week I try to keep a basic routine of forex and ways to practice. I try to wake up early as I’m on the Pacific Coast so I get up 2 hours early before I have to head to work. 20-30 mins of this time I do something related to forex education. The rest of the time I gather my foundation for the week and arrange goals / meditate/ journal. I’ll look at the charts, when I still had Babypips to finish I’d set a time and study through what I could of the course through that time. Now that I’m finished I’ll either check this sub, watch a video/podcast or try to read something related fundamentally to trading or finance. (I’d like to get some more book ideas about trading and it’s psychology) So that’s one habit. You’ve got to be able to at least schedule 20-45 minutes a day to consistent study + practice time to acquire new skills. 20 minutes uninterrupted is enough. Wake up early if you have to. Then throughout the day you’ll find time to reflect or research more and soon the time will start to add up. This also works on the other extreme too. If you have alot of free time I’d say starting out 1 hour to 2 hours max is what you should dedicate to studying. Forex is a very mentally fatiguing process skill. You’ve got to let your brain recharge (need those MP potions it seems) the whole currency system is heavy and complex enough that starting from scratch you couldn’t learn everything in 24 hours straight. I’d say even a week straight wouldn’t work. It takes time and a habitual familiarity. It’s not dissimilar to learning a language. Where concepts become stacked on a foundation of understanding to be acted upon through your day to day. Even if you can name all the working parts, experience build with how much time you think in that language per day. There’s a reason I chose the word “Immersion” for my second topic. Moving along. Another part of my routine is backtesting 40-50 trades a week of my strongest system. This equates to a little under 10 trades a day. I completely journal and track profits like they were live. Some suggest using a simulator, while that is a great practice for timing entries, I’ve found just using the Metatrader 4 Desktop and using the F12 key to progress forward one tick at a time has been sufficient for my backtesting needs. Backtesting gives you an opportunity to practice way more trades in a week than live session will be able to provide. I’m using M15 - H1 intraday strategies and maybe pull off 5-6 trades a week. BUT I practice 10x that amount per week. Soon you’ll find your live performance is really only a display of how your last week backtesting went. It’s like football practice for the gameday. Now which system I test varies, like I said I’ll try my strongest, but that changes. Just grab any system you think you can pull off and backtest it. Babypips gave me my first few, then I created some ridiculous ones, but over time your experience of a system and how to get them to work for you grows by running test trades. Systems I’ve found and backtested that are online are: the “So Easy It’s Ridiculous” system and the Cowabunga System, both found on babypips and a simple google search. Easy. I know, and really a system is just supposed to make having trading decisions easier for you. But your participation and exit are equally important. Can you follow easy rules you or others make? No questions asked? So that concludes my post. I hope in the future when I’ve backtested 1,000 trades I can post some of my personal systems I’ve followed, right now they feel to amateur to even share. I am the humble fool, so any ideas on my style or feedback on where I should head are greatly appreciated. I’m open to questions and dialogue so feel free to send a PM or comment. Hearing from other traders is the reason I even started this account to post and interact. This post and future ones I have planned are kind of a new element I wanted to try of journaling that allows me some social accountability and feedback from a community rather than all my entries being hoarded in my notebooks, so my apologies if it’s more wordy than usual on here. Thanks everyone and have fun! -AP TL:DR Just browse over the bold sections
Hi, I apologise if this is really newish or inappropriate to this forum. I am relatively new to Forex trading or any trading really and I was just wondering if anybody could tell me if I am pointed in the right direction. I intend to keep an eye on the Macro Economics, inflation figures, interest rates etc. Like for example today the Eurozone inflation figures were weak so I waited 5 minutes (past the crazy phase) and then shorted as I was reading stuff about the figures being bad and Europe suffering from deflation etc. Does anyone know if this could be a profitable strategy. I intend to wait for significant news events (CPI, GDP) that report figures that are of a significant deviation from expected so that the direction the currency will move will be reasonably predictable or at least more predictable than if I was in trades closer to the expected figures. I don't have a lot of education so I'm not really on top of all the reports. I feel quite stupid sometimes as I don't fully understand the terminology but I have an idea if what they are referring to. I have always had to work hard to earn some money from a young age due to coming from a pretty shitty background etc but I think I might have the ability to do this. Does anybody have any advice as to whether I am right in thinking along these lines or whether I'm just totally barking up the wrong tree and would be effectively throwing money away. I really appreciate anybody's time and would like to thank anyone who responds. Sorry if that was badly written or unintelligible. I have had some success with a dummy account buy I don't know how reliable that is.
Hey everyone, first things first - I've already read through the sidebar & have done plenty o' research on my own. I started trading in April, worked with a coach all summer, and have been daytrading with a PDT account since August. I'm looking into expanding or switching to forex, and I'm hoping some of you could provide me with some insight into a few concepts. I've been papertrading w/ ToS this past week to see how applicable my strategy is. Before you tear me apart for using a demo account - this is the first demo account I've used, and I've built up enough emotional scar tissue to where money is now just numbers on a screen to me. I had a mild, big loss + stress fueled breakdown in September and had to take a brief sabbatical to contemplate and consider my life's path (a few days of heavy drinking, a few more of sobering up, and a week of self reflection), but I got all that figured out so yeah... Anyway!
Has anyone done real trading with TD Ameritrade? I already have an account with them so it would be sooo nice if I didn't have to open ANOTHER brokerage account (it would be #5 for me... too many to keep track of). In addition, I'm 20, so I'm not able to trade Forex with IB. Once I turn 21 I'll obviously be moving to them. For now, though, TD sounds alright because I know ToS inside and out, I've had an account with them for years, and the spread doesn't seem too bad as it's usually about 1 pip.
Is there an accurate, reliable, real-time source for volume data? Volume is of course a pretty important part of trading, but as far as I can tell, most brokers only provide volume data for trades placed through their system. I understand that this is a result of the lack of a central forex market, so what can I do to compensate? Is there an aggregation service that pulls volume from multiple sources? Or do I have to rely on volume approximations based on spread, time of day, ticks, etc?
Is there any sort of L2 for Forex? Again, a decentralized exchange problem.
For those who are profitable - what's your average hold time? I try to keep it under a day, and that's always worked for me.
Again, for those who are profitable - what's your thing? Order flow? Price action? TA? Not looking for specific strategies, just a general view of what works.
Has anyone made the switch from stocks to Forex? What was your experience like? How much did you have to learn/relearn to adjust to the FX market?
Hey everyone, so I figured that I would try something new to get this subreddit a bit more life. At the end of each work week I wanna create a post discussing everyone's best and worst trades. Seeing where we went right and where we went wrong and how to learn from our mistakes and others as well to minimize huge losses. Biggest Gain- for me this week GBP/JPY was my best trading pair. I made 2 really good position trades back to back where I predicted both a selling point and buying point using support and resistance levels and made almost 100 pips per transaction. Biggest Loss- this week I have to say the worst blunder I had was EUUSD. I made a position trade using the same strategy as before and the Euro dipped low enough for my position to open and close at the stop loss in a matter of minutes. Granted when I do lose at the max it's 3% of my portfolio worth so it's not bad but with the this pair it happened most frequently. Altogether last Monday is when I started with a dummy account and I have had good days and bad days but I started off with 460 dollars and in the first week made it up to 520, and this week I am up to over 600. My goal is to at least make 20% return each week until I hit over 1000 dollars before I consider going live. My lot sizes are roughly only 5000 units so the market can fluxuate a little if need be. With these trades I have been training to hone my swing trading skills I have learned using EMAs set with perioids of 30 and 50, Bollinger bands set at 20 with a deviation of 2, and swing trading strategies I have learned through forex and stock trading courses I bought on udemy.com What did you guys experience in the market this week?
Japanese yen in trading account, zero forex knowledge...help?
Hello! First I have very limited to no knowledge on forex trading. I worked in Tokyo Japan for a period of 6 months and bought into stock for the company I for which I worked. Following a move away from that company I sold the remaining stock for a value of 327,380 yen. Now the issue: clearly the USD/JPY has changed significantly since when I returned in May 2014. Advice? Suggestions? Forex for dummies? The rate was 100:1 roughly and has since blown to 122:1 (if done in trading account) could anyone give some forecast advice or at least point me in a direction? I would like to avoid heavy loses on a decent stock move. Thank you
I just wanna know is the MT4 dummy account using real time trade chart thats currently happening or are the charts on dummy account just simulation and not based of real time chart. 2 comments. share. save. hide. report. 100% Upvoted. Log in or sign up to leave a comment Log In Sign Up. Sort by. best. level 1. Score hidden · 39 minutes ago. It I is real. level 1. MOD Score hidden · 13 ... Forex Brokerage. Every Forex trader, like any other professional, needs tools to trade. One of these tools, which is vital to be in the market, is a Forex broker and specifically for the Internet - an online Forex broker - a company which will provide real-time market information to traders and bring their orders to the Forex market. These are ... Whether you’re trading in an online forex practice account or paper trading on stock quotes from the morning newspaper, be sure to keep in mind that your results aren’t real — you never had any real money at stake. Think of it this way: If you make a handshake bet with a friend on a sports game, you’re probably not going to be too concerned with whether you win or lose. But if you bet ... With a forex dummy account, you can have a simulation of the real forex trading scenario. You can use the account to practice your strategy and skills as well as build up your confidence level. On your own, you will be able to determine if you are already prepared for the challenges of trading in forex. When you are ready, your next move will be to open an actual forex trading account. There ... FOREX.com offers a free $50,000 demo forex trading account with no risk and no obligation. IC Markets forex demo account also has no time limit or expiration. So, you don’t have to put real capital on the line until you feel confident. Overall, if you’re looking for free demo accounts for forex trading, that can be used for an unlimited time, IC Markets is a strong contender. They consistently score highly in reviews of forex demo accounts. Plus500. For demo accounts using CFDs ... FOREX.com Demo Account Whether you're new to currency trading or already an experienced forex trader, our risk-free $10,000 forex demo account is an ideal way to get started at FOREX.com. Register below for free and full access to our platforms for the next 30 days.
The Beginners Guide to Forex trading - Part 1 - YouTube
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